Today, we will cover shoulder and sleeve adjustments. The sign of a tailored garment, to me, is all in the sleeve and shoulder. Getting this part just right completely elevates the look of a handmade garment.
How do you know if you need an adjustment for shoulder width?
If your shoulders are wide, the bodice might feel tight across the back. In front, it pulls across the upper chest. The armhole seams appear to be pulling in toward each other with the strain from your shoulders.
For narrow shoulders, the armholes sit too far out and off the shoulder. There is also excess fabric across the upper chest and upper back.
The steps for these two common fit problems are the same up until the end, so whichever one you’re doing, follow along!
1) Mark the stitch line starting at the bottom of the armhole curve, up to the shoulder and over to the neckline.
2) With a ruler, draw a line from the center of the shoulder to the armhole notch. We will refer to this as line A.
3) Draw a line through the outer corner of the shoulder stitch line to line A. This is line B.
4) Now it is time to get cutting! Start by cutting through line A, beginning at mid-shoulder and ending at the armscye stitch line. Snip through the seam allowance, leaving a small paper hinge.
Then, cut through line B, beginning at line A, and stopping at the stitch line. Make a second snip through line B, starting at the corner. Stop at the stitch line, leaving a paper hinge.
5) You can now swing the shoulder in, to narrow the shoulder the desired amount.
5) Or swing the shoulder out, to widen the shoulder the desired amount.
6) Repeat this process on the back bodice piece.
You do not need to make any armhole adjustments since you have only changed the width of the shoulder and the curve of the armscye, not the armscye length.
Adjusting Bicep Width
This adjustment allows you to increase or decrease the width of the sleeve, specifically at the bicep.
If your sleeve is too tight and uncomfortable or the fabric is straining across the sleeve, you will want to increase the bicep width. Conversely, if your sleeve is too loose and sits too far away from your arm, you will want to decrease the bicep width.
Increasing Bicep Width
1) Start by drawing in all the stitch lines on the sleeve.
2) Using a ruler, draw a line from underarm intersection to underarm intersection, perpendicular to the grainline. This is line A. Draw a second line, perpendicular to the first, from the shoulder notch to the hem of the sleeve. This is line B.
3) Starting at the sleeve hem, cut along line B. Stop at the sleeve cap stitch line, and “hop” over the stitch line to cut through the seam allowance, leaving a small paper hinge.
Starting at line B, cut through one side of line A, “hop” over the stitch line and cut through the seam allowance, leaving a small paper hinge. Cut through the other end of line A using the same method.
4) On a separate piece of paper, draw two parallel lines. The distance between these two lines should be the amount you would like to add to your sleeve width. Draw a third perpendicular line to help you align the sleeve hem.
5) Tape the sleeve, aligning your guidelines with line B. Make sure your sleeve hem aligns with the hem guideline.
You will not need to make any adjustments to the armscye as this only changes the curve of the sleeve cap, not the length.
Decreasing Bicep Width
1) Repeat steps 1-3 from the previous section.
2) After slashing your sleeve, draw a guideline parallel to the lower portion of line B. This is your reduction line. The distance between line B and your reduction line should be the amount you wish to reduce your sleeve width by.
3) Tape your sleeve so that the opposite side of line B aligns with the reduction line.
On Friday we will tackle our final round of fit adjustments. We will cover full tummy adjustments and raising and lowering Sorbetto’s darts.